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It can be confusing which country to choose for your studies abroad. You will need to learn a lot about each of the possible countries and the educational systems before making a decision.That’s why PingmeStudyAbroad, the leading Europe study visa consultants has set up a useful guide about the top study abroad destinations
Denmark is a rather small Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The country covers a total of 43,098 square kilometres, comprising the peninsular of Jutland and more than 400 named islands and 7314 kilometres of coastline. Danes are generally very well educated, and living standards are among the highest in the world. Denmark is a parliamentary democracy and a member of the UN, the OECD, the EU, NATO, Schengen, the OSCE, the IMF, the WTO and others. Over 20 percent of Denmark’s population live in the nation’s capital and largest city, Copenhagen. Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973, and it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council and the United Nations. The weather in Denmark is not extreme, despite the northerly position of the country. Denmark is placed in the temperate climate zone, and the mild weather is due to west winds and the seas that surround Denmark almost entirely. The coldest month is January, and the warmest is August – although the warmest summer nights are in July. Average daytime temperatures range from 2°C (35.6°F) in January to 20°C (68°F) in August. The average wind speed is 7.6 metres per second, which explains why Denmark is one of the world's largest exporters of wind turbines. Rainy days are likely all year round, while snowfall only happens once in a while during winter. Because of Denmark’s northern location in Scandinavia in Europe, the length of daylight hours varies greatly. During winter, sunrise is about 8 am and sunset at 3:30 pm, whereas a summer day starts at 3:30 am and sunset is as late as 10 pm.
The country is populated by 5.6 million Danes. The population density is 126.4 per square kilometre. A total of 1.2 million people live in the capital of Copenhagen.
As for the country’s economic situation, Denmark has proved quite stable and competitive: Despite an economic slump following the global economic crash in 2008 and 2009, the country has developed a highly-competitive service-based economy. Denmark has a high employment rate, an extremely low inflation rate and very stable social security system. In 2015 and 2016, the inflation rate in Denmark was below 0.5 percent. In 2017, Denmark’s unemployment rate was at only 5.7 percent, making it significantly lower than that of the whole European Union and thus one of the lowest rates among all member states. Denmark has also reported a trade surplus every year over the past decade.
Denmark is a rather small Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The country covers a total of 43,098 square kilometres, comprising the peninsular of Jutland and more than 400 named islands and 7314 kilometres of coastline.
Danes are generally very well educated, and living standards are among the highest in the world. Denmark is a parliamentary democracy and a member of the UN, the OECD, the EU, NATO, Schengen, the OSCE, the IMF, the WTO and others.
Over 20 percent of Denmark’s population live in the nation’s capital and largest city, Copenhagen. Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973, and it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council and the United Nations.
The weather in Denmark is not extreme, despite the northerly position of the country. Denmark is placed in the temperate climate zone, and the mild weather is due to west winds and the seas that surround Denmark almost entirely.
The coldest month is January, and the warmest is August – although the warmest summer nights are in July. Average daytime temperatures range from 2°C (35.6°F) in January to 20°C (68°F) in August.
The average wind speed is 7.6 metres per second, which explains why Denmark is one of the world's largest exporters of wind turbines. Rainy days are likely all year round, while snowfall only happens once in a while during winter.
Because of Denmark’s northern location in Scandinavia in Europe, the length of daylight hours varies greatly. During winter, sunrise is about 8 am and sunset at 3:30 pm, whereas a summer day starts at 3:30 am and sunset is as late as 10 pm.
Happiest Country in the World
Denmark was voted the happiest country in the world in April 2016, via the World Happiness Report. To rank the 156 surveyed countries, a team from the University of British Columbia looked at what the “countries have in common: a large GDP per capita, healthy life expectancy at birth, and a lack of corruption in leadership.
But also essential were three things over which individual citizens have a bit more control: a sense of social support, freedom to make life choices, and a culture of generosity.”
Denmark’s results revealed a high percentage of gender equality and residents who love to bike. This contributes to the wellness of the people and the environment.
English Speaking Country
Denmark is a country where 85% of the population speaks the English language. It, therefore, gets a lot easier for an Indian student to settle in such a place. Because there is not a greater usage of any local language, there are no adaptability issues either. The students take very less time to adjust and thus, there is an enhanced output. Further, they develop a bonding with locals and easily grasp things from their surroundings. Also, the environment in places where there are no language barriers is much calmer and serene.
Denmark is world-leading in tech and sustainable innovation
A small(ish) northern European country with a population of just under six million might not be the first place that comes to mind when you think about the nations leading the world in big tech innovation. However, with its well-educated workforce, significant public and private investment schemes, and a forward-thinking approach to solving the most significant global issues, the Danes are challenging the tech giants in China and Silicon Valley in terms of shaping the future. Denmark is home to pioneers like Per Brinch Hansen, known for his work revolutionary in computer programming, as well Janus Friis, co-creator of Skype, and Google maps founders Jens and Lars Rasmussen.
One of the most exciting areas in today’s Danish tech sector is robotics. The Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Research Institute, at the University of Southern Denmark, has helped launch hundreds of companies including Universal Robots and OnRobot, two of the major players designing and creating the next generation of smart machines set to revolutionize the manufacturing, healthcare, service, and security industries. This makes Denmark one of the top destinations for engineering, design, and computing students who want to build a career in this rapidly growing field.
Denmark is also leading the way in terms of sustainability, with the help of all of this cutting-edge technology and also brilliant design and innovation. Five years ago, the capital Copenhagen was hailed a “green economy leader” in a London School of Economics (LSE) report, but, not content to rest on its laurels, the city is pushing forward with its new climate plan, CPH 2025, a bold vision to become carbon neutral is just six years. The plan stipulates that projects should secure and improve the quality of life in the city and generate opportunities for innovation, jobs, and green growth.
Not everyone can afford the huge expenses involved in studying abroad. Most people give up their dreams of studying abroad thinking about the amount of money involved. The good news is that you don’t have to worry about the financial aspect when it comes to studying in Denmark. It is because the costs associated with studying in this country are modest. The estimated costs of studying in Denmark are 7 to 10 lacs per year. The expenses involved are way too less as compared to other countries.
The process of obtaining a visa for Study in Denmark is a lot easier and hassle-free. There is no requirement of showing the available funds for visa purposes. Furthermore, the probability of getting a visa in the spouse case is very high. The requirement for IELTS score is 6 bands overall.
Return on Investment (ROI)
Many students choose Denmark for their study abroad journey as it offers a high Return on Investment (ROI). The country falls in the top 10 in per capita GDP.
When you are employed in this country, you may easily expect 15 Euros per hour.
The University of Copenhagen is ranked high amongst its fellow schools in Denmark. It boasts a high international student exchange rate with a myriad of courses from which you can choose. It’s also one of the largest centers for research and education in the Nordic countries.
The University of Southern Denmark also offers competitive study abroad programs for international students. Its application process is simple and it provides accommodation ideas for students moving to Denmark from abroad. The university enjoys welcoming exchange students and offers a number of courses in English.
Other popular universities include:
Exotic Food Culture
Another reason to study abroad in Denmark is to experience the country’s unique food culture. For breakfast, Danish folk will often have a dish called “junket crumble” or “ymerdrys.” It consists of crumbled rye bread mixed with brown sugar.
Another morning dish you can experience as a study abroad student is “wienerbrød,” a Danish pastry filled with custard. Breakfast is usually the celebration time in Denmark, whereas dinner is the common American celebratory mealtime.
The average lunch consists of cold meats such as roast beef, fish, and sausage on rye bread with toppings.
Dinnertime, or “middag,” is usually eaten at home with the entire family. It used to contain multiple courses, but since the 60’s it has become simplified to one. The traditional gruel, meat broth, or sweet fruit soup is still served today.
American and Italian influences can be seen in Denmark with pastas, barbecues, and salad bars. However, the traditional cuisines outshine any foreign foods served here. As a student, getting to experience these traditional dishes with locals is part of the immersion process.
Wildlife & National Parks
Elk, boars, wolves, and brown bears frequent the terrains of Denmark. However, many other large mammals once found here have slowly gone extinct.
The most common mammals seen include rodents like rabbits, hedgehogs, foxes, squirrels, and the European polecat. Roe deer are also common and roam the landscape freely.
In the summer, many birds migrate to Denmark, such as water fowls, like the stork. There are more than 300 bird species in the country all together.
Marine life also flourishes within the mainland waters and in the North and Baltic seas bordering Denmark. A popular species is the beluga whale, which frequents colder waters.
In order to protect the wildlife, three national parks were established in Denmark, and one was created in Greenland. They are open all year long and at no cost to visitors.
The University of Copenhagen offers an incredible Animal Science program, which is taught in English. Many universities, like Copenhagen, offer work permits for international students.
If you’re studying zoology or an animal-related career, the National Park Service may be hiring student help. It would be a great opportunity to work with such unique wildlife.
Diverse Geography & Outdoor Activities
Denmark sits just above Germany and contains many islands around the mainland. Norway and Sweden are not too far off to the north and maybe an easy trip to take on a weekend. The lands are generally flat, but now low enough to have a lot of swampland. The coastlines are beautiful and the islands surrounding are densely populated.
The outdoor activities which can be found here are unique and fascinating to international students. Caving is a popular activity in Jutland, where three abandoned mines are now open to the public. Amber, or Nordic gold, hunting is common along the coastlines. Forest dinners, or what Americans would call “campfires,” are popular events.
Mountain biking is available in many of the parks around Denmark and rentals are cheap. On the water, seal and porpoise watching is a huge tourist attraction.
A writer at VisitDenmark.com shares that, “At Tøndermarsken in the Wadden Sea National Park, South Jutland, you can see the unbelievable natural phenomenon known as the Black Sun. Occurring in spring and autumn, the Black Sun occurs when thousands of starlings gather at dusk, drawing amazing dark patterns on the sky.”
Higher education in Denmark is taught at universities, university colleges and academies of professional higher education.
Most of the higher education institutions are regulated by the Ministry of Higher Education and Science .
Higher education institutions Higher education is offered by five types of higher education institutions:
Ordinary Higher Education degrees
The Academy Profession degree is awarded after 90-150 ECTS and includes a period of work placement of at least 15 ECTS. The programmes are development-based and combine theoretical studies with a practical approach. Programmes are, among others, offered within Marketing Management, Computer Science and Chemical and Biotechnical Science. The Danish title is field of study followed by the abbreviation AK and the English title is AP Graduate in [field of study].
The Professional Bachelor’s degree is awarded after 180-270 ECTS and includes a period of work placement of at least 30 ECTS. The programmes are applied programmes. They are development-based and combine theoretical studies with a practical approach. Examples of professional bachelor’s degree holders are nurses, primary and lower secondary school teachers and certain types of engineers. The Danish title is Professionsbachelor i [field of study] and the English title is Bachelor of [field of study].
The Bachelor’s degree from a university is awarded after 180 ECTS. The programmes are research-based and are offered in all scientific fields. The Danish title is Bachelor (BA) i [field of study] or Bachelor (BSc) i [field of study] and the English title is Bachelor of Arts (BA) in [field of study] or Bachelor (BSc) of Science in [field of study].
The Bachelor’s degree (within the arts) is awarded after 180 ECTS. The programmes are based on research and artistic research. Programmes are offered within the fine arts. The Danish title is Bachelor (BA) i [field of study], Bachelor i musik (BMus) [field of study] or Bachelor i billedkunst (BFA) [field of study] and the English title is Bachelor of Arts (BA) in [field of study], Bachelor of Music (BMus) [field of study] or Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) in [field of study]. A higher education degree within theatre or filmmaking is awarded after 3-4 years of study (180-240 ECTS).
The Master’s degree is awarded after 120 ECTS. The programmes are research-based and are offered in all scientific fields. The Danish title is abbreviated to Cand.[latin abbreviation of academic area] i [field of study]. The English title is Master of Arts (MA) in [field of study] or Master of Science (MSc) in [field of study].
The Master’s degree (within the arts) is awarded after 120-180 ECTS. The programmes are based on research and artistic research. The Danish title is abbreviated to Cand.[latin abbreviation of academic area] [field of study]. The English title is Master of Arts (MA) in [field of study], Master of Music (MMus) [field of study] or Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in [field of study]. Music Academies offer a specialist degree of 2 to 4 years following the master’s degree. The PhD degree is awarded after 180 ECTS. PhD programmes are offered by the universities and some university level institutions offering degrees in the artistic and cultural field
Non-Danish citizens who do not have a Danish entrance examination are eligible for admission if they have qualifications recognised as being comparable to Danish entrance qualifications. The assessment serves only as a guideline since the individual institution in Denmark is responsible for its own admissions. The institution in Denmark will require certified copies of your educational qualifications. That is, you must provide copies with original stamps and signatures, or have two people who are not related to you sign the back of the copy with their name, address and birth date. Some institutions require that they receive the documents directly from the issuing institution. This can often take several months, so be sure to arrange in time.
English language requirements
All higher education programmes in Denmark require a high standard of English. Applicants to English-taught undergraduate and postgraduate programmes must, as a minimum, prove English proficiency comparable to ‘English B’ in the Danish upper secondary school (gymnasium). Some programmes require ‘English A’, which is one level higher than ‘English B’.
To prove a satisfactory proficiency in English, the language tests TOEFL, IELTS and Cambridge ESOL examinations (CAE) are often used. The score equivalents are determined by the individual institution, so to be certain check out their language requirements. Based upon a rough average of previous requirements, here is an estimate of the ranges you can expect:
Some universities may require additional documents, such as:
For non-EU/EEA citizens, tuition costs range between 6,000 – 16,000 EUR/academic year. Some specialised programmes might cost more, that’s why we recommend that you check the university page to see what tuition applies to you.
Cost of Living
As a rough estimate, international students need between 800 – 1,200 EUR/month to live in Denmark. These costs can go up or down based on your habits: how much you spend on shopping and going out, how much you travel, and so on. You should also expect to pay more if you decide to study in Denmark’s capital, Copenhagen. Accommodation represents around one third of your monthly living costs in Denmark. You should expect to pay between 400 – 670 EUR in most cities and around 800 – 900 EUR in Copenhagen.Average food expenses in Denmark will amount to 200 – 270 EUR/month, depending on your spending habits.In Denmark, almost 50% of students use bikes to get to their university, while 30% use public transport. A monthly public transport pass for the bus, metro or train amounts to 40 – 50 EUR/month.
Non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens may work in Denmark for up to 20 hours a week and full-time during June, July and August. However, this requires a work permit sticker in your passport. If you did not apply for a work permit when applying for a residence permit to study in Denmark, you can apply for one at the Danish Immigration Service.If you are under 18 years of age, you are only eligible for a work permit if you have a written offer or contract for a specific position. The employer must also confirm to the Danish Immigration Service that he or she upholds workplace environment legislation.
Students who want to study for more than 3 months in Denmark should apply for a long term visa which is called Residence Permit.
Who can apply for a residence permit?
What are the conditions?
It is a requirement that you have been admitted to a higher educational programme at a publicly accredited educational institution in Denmark.
You must prepare following documents
Non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens will need a residence permit to work in Denmark. Upon graduation from a Danish higher education institution, your residence permit will remain valid for an additional six months, allowing you to seek employment in Denmark. Provided your visa hasn’t already been extended for an extra six months you can apply for such an extension to your permit.
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